Bartky, Sandra Lee. Femininity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression. New York and London: Routledge 1990.
Schooled in continental philosophy and participating in the early consciousness-raising experiments of the American feminist movement, Bartky’s collection of essays spans fifteen years of research. Her particular interest is in "those modes of consciousness that can be shown to arise from oppressive intersubjective relationships and which tend at the same time to reproduce and to reaffirm" those relations.
Bowden Peta. Caring: Gender-Sensitive Ethics. New York and London: Routledge 1997.
Bowden seeks to move the ethics of care model out of abstract theorizing and into concrete, present-day practices. Beginning with mothering and nursing (gendered arenas for the care model), her analyses ultimately presents the ethic of care as a mode of citizenship based on responsibility as much as rights.
Held, Virginia. The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Held argues for the relevance of care to global and political questions as much as interpersonal dilemmas. Proposing a move away from Kantian moral theory and utilitarianism, she notes the promise of the care model for considering economic markets and the spread of globalization. She also locates care within the rising concern for civil society.
Hoagland, Sarah Lucia. Lesbian Ethics: Toward New Values. Palo Alto, CA: Institute of Lesbian Studies, 1989.
One limitation of Gilligan’s initial research may be its heteronormativity (especially in her first two projects: the Heinz dilemma and the abortion interviews). Additionally, Hoagland notes that describing care as a moral good may serve to naturalize ideological structures like the patriarchal expectation that women provide nurturance and connection. The book asks how if it is possible to be responsible without also seeking control.
Kittay, Eva Feder. Love’s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependency. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Kittay notes a lacuna is political philosophy and social policy theory: the role of dependency work (child care, elder care, disability or illness care, etc.) or “love’s labor.” She argues that reforms in welfare and family leave fail women in particular because they omit women’s prevailing responsibilities for dependents, however, “the facts of human dependency can be made compatible with the full equality of all citizens....”
Noddings, Nel. Caring: A Feminine Approach to Ethics and Moral Education. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.
The memory of having been cared for is central to Nodding’s thought and moves from feminine principles (to use her language) to more inclusive implications (given that almost everyone has been cared for in some way that might entail future obligations to give care). She argues for educational policies that reward enhanced understanding of moral responsibility as much as performance on tests of rationality or information retrieval.
Robinson Fiona. Globalizing Care: Ethics, Feminist Theory, and International Relations. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999.
The question of central interest in Robinson's book is “whether care ethics is intrinsically parochial and thus ignores (or is ill-equipped to address) questions of moral relations among distant strangers in the global context.” She argues that care should be understood not only as a narrow psychological or moral disposition, but as a practice of daily living with the potential to transform global justice.
Slote, Michael A. The Ethics of Care and Empathy. London & New York: Routledge, 2007.
With care as his point of departure (because he contends that care offers a more persuasive theory of social justice than those offered by contemporary Kantian liberalism), Slote argues, to name one interesting example, that the liberal assumption of the right to free speech assumes the ultimate value of autonomy and discounts harm to others that would not be permitted if care were the prevailing value.